Artists
ESSAYS

Punjab Lithography: popular urban art

by  Jaya Appasamy

The Punjab was one of the last provinces to fall to the British and western influences percolated there only in the second half of the nineteenth century. Peace prevailed after many decades of turmoil. Under the new administrators, the state rapidly became productive and progressive. The people were

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Contemporary graphics in India

by  Jaya Appasamy

Introduction

Among the modern visual media two have seen a spectacular development and evolved complex forms in the twentieth century-- namely cinematography and printing. The cinema is a medium which is entirely new, it has drawn into its fold the other performing arts, but it more than a mere synthesis

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The paths of abstraction

by  Jaya Appasamy

Abstraction appears in art with the desire to do away with traditional subject matter and liberate painting from its themes. Until the beginning of the twentieth century subjects tended to dominate art and were read by the spectator, often coming between him and the impact of the work as a visual object.

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Contemporary Indian sculpture

by  Jaya Appasamy

Sculpture which was once India’s major art form has not yet come into its own in modern times. Looking at the profound works at Elephanta or Konarak, at Mahabalipuram or Tanjore one wonders how a nation can so forget or neglect its native powers as to produce no work of comparable grandeur. No doubt

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The painters of the Transition

by  Jaya Appasamy

When the history of our period comes to be written it will be seen that its output was one which changed imperceptibly artist by artist by each art work that joined the total stream causing minute differences of direction and flavour. Perhaps some artists contribute more and others less to this pattern

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Early Calcutta lithographs

by  Jaya Appasamy

Lithography, a method of printing from drawings made on stone, was adopted by Indian artists and used for the creation of popular pictures. In the second half of the nineteenth century the Calcutta market was flooded by such prints; the style of these pictures was somewhat western and largely instrumental

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Indian Art since Independence: Figurative to Abstract and Beyond

by  Jaya Appasamy

The open doors and wide skies of Indian freedom have given a considerable impetus to Indian art. What grew precariously in the atmosphere of a hot house in the British period is now vigorously putting forth new leaves and flowers. In variety and strength the modern art of India reflects her heterogeneous

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Early Oil Painting in Bengal

by  Jaya Appasamy

Though little is known about early Bengali oil painting, a fairly large number of works in this technique are now available for study. The medium was obviously one learnt from foreign artists, but in the latter part of the 18th and in the 19th century it was used to paint pictures

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The Artist and Society

by  Jaya Appasamy

In a period of transition from the old to the new the emphasis in our country is essentially on technology and science. At no earlier period in our History have the changes we have faced been so immense, nor have they affected to a like extant our ways of thinking and living. Preoccupied with this transformation

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The Art of Sakti and Ratna Burman

by  Jaya Appasamy

Sakti Burman and his young French wife Ratna (Delteil) are now visiting India after a long stay in Paris. Both of them studied art at Ecole Des Beaux-arts there and continue to live in Paris as freelance painters. The environment has been a maturing and enriching experience, challenging because of its

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On Drawing

by  Jaya Appasamy

Though drawing is an important subject in itself we tend at times to think of it as a subsidiary art. Yet all artists learn how to draw and to many it is the basis of their art. Drawing is a separate field of creative expression and includes various media and types of work. It may be spontaneous,

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Ram Kinkar

by  Jaya Appasamy

An important artist..............whose work is characterised by a striking vitality and an expressionist style is Ram Kinkar. Ram Kinkar is notable also because he is the first modern sculptor of the 20th Century who was not restricted by the study of academic formulae. His output is characterised by

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